Combined with another sugar ester, sucrose stearate, it can improve high temperature stability of Sucragel based oily gel cleansers. A study shows that it can reduce the irritation caused by less-nice other ingredients (e.g. Portulaca Oleracea is a nice succulent with bright yellow flowers and edible nutritious vegetables. So if you see only Witch Hazel Extract or Witch Hazel Water on the ingredient list, it's a bit hard to know what you're actually getting but we will try to summarize the possibilities to give an idea. It's also a traditional herbal medicine used in Ayurveda for its bunch of anti-something magic abilities including being anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticarcinogenic. This one is the so-called esterified version. They are good friends because ethylhexylglycerin can boost the effectiveness of phenoxyethanol (and other preservatives) and as an added bonus it feels nice on the skin too. Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Flower Extract, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Extract, Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Peel Oil, Aesculus Hippocastanum (Horse Chestnut) Seed Extract, Copaifera Officinalis (Balsam Copaiba) Resin, Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Peel Oil, Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Read all the geeky details about Niacinamide here >>, Read all the geeky details about Glycerin here >>, 14% added alcohol according to the USP specifications, alcohol is, at best drying, and at worst skin-damaging, You can read all about the pure form here. Waxy, white, solid stuff that helps water and oil to mix together and leaves the skin feeling soft and smooth. A double-blind study using a 2.5% LA gel for 4 weeks found a 25% reduction in the size of microcomedones, the tiny blocked pores that can later lead to acne. It works well with all kinds of oils including natural and silicone oils. what's the deal with alcohol in skincare products at alcohol denat. (it's also alcohol, but with some additives to make sure no one drinks it). The evidence that RP is still an effective anti-aging ingredient is not very strong, in fact, it's weak. It’s also used as a helper ingredient to thicken up products or suspend insoluble particles. The big brother of glycerin. Potential Hazard. Turmeric Root Extract that has nice anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and skin-brightening properties. It lightens hyperpigmentation (aka UVB caused sun spots) both by blocking the melanin production of melanocytes (the skin cells that make the pigment melanin) and by enhancing the desquamation of melanin pigment from the upper layers of the skin. The most common skincare ingredient of all. TonyMoly Vital Vita 12 Synergy Serum ingredients explained: Water, Panthenol, Dimethicone, Cyclopentasiloxane, Niacinamide, Glycerin, Butylene Glycol, Cyclomethicone, Hydrogenated Poly(C6-14 Olefin), C13-15 Alkane, Dimethicone/Vinyl Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Sodium Polyacrylate, Cetyl Alcohol, Glyceryl Stearate, Hydroxyacetophenone, Polysorbate 60, Dimethiconol, Betaine, Centella Asiatica Extract, PEG-75 Stearate, Hydroxyethyl Acrylate/Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer… As for skincare, it makes the skin silky smooth, creates a subtle gloss and forms a protective barrier (aka occlusive). It's used as an emulsion stabilizer, solvent and a broad spectrum antimicrobial. Witch Hazel Extracts can also be made in different ways: browsing Ulprospector, we could find hydroglycolic, hydroalcoholic and glicerine/water based extracts. Overall, we think SAP is a goody! Also used for scar treatment. Ceramides make up 50% of the goopy stuff that's between our skin cells and play a super important role in having a healthy skin barrier and keeping the skin hydrated. It's a common top note in perfumes and contains (among others) fragrant compounds limonene (37%), linalyl acetate (30%) and linalool (8.8%). A sugar ester (sucrose + palmitic acid) that works as a natural emulsifier. Vitamin H is a great supplement for stronger nails and hair. Also, it's an effective deodorant and a medium spreading emollient. In terms of anti-aging, it's probably not as effective as pure Ascorbic Acid, but it's totally worth a try. The essential oil coming from the rind of the orange (the sweet one). In general, the main component of citrus peel oils is limonene (83-97% for sweet orange peel), a super common fragrant ingredient that makes everything smell nice (but counts as a frequent skin sensitizer). The conversion is a 3 step one and looks like this: retinyl palmitate --> retinol -- > retinaldehyde --> all-trans-retinoic acid. Super common little helper ingredient that helps products to remain nice and stable for a longer time. Super common little helper ingredient that helps products to remain nice and stable for a longer time. A handy helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix nicely together, aka emulsifier. It also contains antioxidant polyphenols, tocopherols (types of vitamin E) and carotenoids and it's one of the best plant sources of skin-identical emollient, Squalene. It is a polymer (created from repeating subunits) molecule and has different molecular weight and thus different viscosity versions from water-light to thick liquid. This is probably one of the reasons why Centella Asiatica Extract has nice skin moisturizing properties that was confirmed by a 25 people, four weeks study along with Centella's anti-inflammatory effects. Betain's special thing is being an osmolyte, a molecule that helps to control cell-water balance. Review TONYMOLY Vital Vita 12 Synergy Serum. puts it in his awesome blog post, squalane's main things are "emolliency, surface occlusion, and TEWL prevention all with extreme cosmetic elegance". It also makes the formulas easy to spread and has nice emollient properties. A common little helper ingredient that helps water and oil to mix together, aka emulsifier. Cyclomethicone is not one type of silicone, but a whole mixture of them: it's a mix of specific chain length (4 to 7) cyclic structured silicone molecules. click here and read all the geeky details, Read all the geeky details about Tocopherol here >>, As we wrote in our lengthy retinol description, summarized the research available about retinyl palmitate here, eating a healthy ratio of omega-6 to omega-3, A multi-functional skincare superstar with several proven benefits for the skin, Great anti-aging, wrinkle smoothing ingredient used at 4-5% concentration, Fades brown spots alone or in combination with amino sugar, acetyl glucosamine, Increases ceramide synthesis that results in a stronger, healthier skin barrier and better skin hydration, Can help to improve several skin conditions including acne, rosacea, and atopic dermatitis, A natural moisturizer that’s also in our skin, A super common, safe, effective and cheap molecule used for more than 50 years, Not only a simple moisturizer but knows much more: keeps the skin lipids between our skin cells in a healthy (liquid crystal) state, protects against irritation, helps to restore barrier, Effective from as low as 3% with even more benefits at higher concentrations up to 20-40% (around 10% is a good usability-effectiveness sweet spot), High-glycerin moisturizers are awesome for treating severely dry skin, It might even help with skin’s own collagen production and improve skin firmness and elasticity, It might be even useful for the hair helping with hair thickness and hair growth, Primary fat-soluble antioxidant in our skin, Significant photoprotection against UVB rays, Vit C + Vit E work in synergy and provide great photoprotection, Easy to formulate, stable and relatively inexpensive.