This species of high bush cranberry can grow to from two to four metres tall, unlike the Eurasian variety, which is typically shorter. This variety turns an unusual pink in the fall. Viburnum plicatum is a dense, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub that typically matures to 8-15’ tall with a slightly larger spread. Viburnums are placed in the Adoxaceae family, though they used to be in the Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle) family. There are more than 150 species of viburnums, but only some are evergreen. So, this holiday season, we created a giving campaign for two of our favorite non-profits who are working to help put food on the tables of hungry families across the U.S. and around the world. Viburnum opulus L. Guelder Rose. Viburnums are readily recognized, but individual specimens in some species pairs or complexes can be difficult to place. Bloom times span early spring through June and are followed by attractive fruit and outstanding fall foliage. A large rounded shrub reaching 10-12'. It is either evergreen or deciduous depending on the climate where it is grown. 5 to 6 feet (1.5-2 m.) tall, green foliage turns bright red in autumn. In warmer areas, it will bloom during the winter. Native Introduced Native and Introduced With our brand new eBook, featuring our favorite DIY projects for the whole family, we really wanted to create a way to not only show our appreciation for the growing Gardening Know How community, but also unite our community to help every one of our neighbors in need during these unprecedented times. As the name suggests, the fragrant flowers are quite tubular in shape and become black drupes after pollination. The name was given due to a Jesuit missionary named Jean Pierre Armand David who discovered it. Appearance. There are 5 main types of hydrangeas that you will find in North America. It does well in sun to shade and most soil types. Compact variety reaches only 3 to 4 feet (1 m.) in height. As with any shrub, dig a generous hole and add plenty of organic matter, before planting viburnums. Its white flowers are produced in large round clusters, hence the snowball name, and the scarlet fruit somewhat resembles a cranberry. 30 Shrubs That Are Native to North Carolina, 19 Flowering, Fruiting Trees and Shrubs From the Prunus Genus, Growing Tips for Arrowwood Viburnum Shrubs, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade, 10 Shrubs That Thrive in Warm and Dry Zone 10, Discover Varieties of Alder Trees and Shrubs, 12 Common Species of Magnolia Trees and Shrubs. A deciduous shrub forming a thicket of erect, grey stems, 10 to 15 ft high; young wood glabrous, ribbed. The leaves on the Cinnamomum-leaved evergreen viburnum species are similar to those of the camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora). The Nannyberry is drought tolerant and easily grown in average, medium soils. The #1 resource online for Hydrangeas. Viburnums have long been one of our most popular flowering landscape shrubs, with more than 150 species available. Members of this family are some of the relatively few kinds of trees and shrubs to feature opposite branching, which is useful for identification purposes. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Fruit is red aging to black; it is showy, if not always profuse. Most viburnums have eye-catching berries to top off the pretty flowers and foliage. Leaves three- (sometimes four- or five-) lobed, maple-like, 2 to 4 in. 12 noon, Friday 4 December. For instance, Wayfaring tree and Blackhaw viburnums turn from red to black. There are pretty small white flowers on this shrub, with glossy and dark leaves that lead to small, metallic, and turquoise-blue fruit. Types of viburnums with interesting berry color include those that change as they ripen from green to pink, yellow, or red to blue or black. Here are a few popular types of viburnum plants: Koreanspice – Large, pink clusters of fragrant flowers. Viburnums range from deciduous to evergreen, and from 2 foot shrubs to 30 foot trees (0.5-10 m.). When the flowers go away in the fall, blue-black berry-like drupes appear. There are over 150 species of viburnum, as well as countless cultivars. Viburnum is the name given to a very diverse and populous group of plants native to North America and Asia. Considered to be an heirloom plant, possibly why it is the most commonly known viburnum to the public. The Koreanspice diminutive species of viburnum has white or pink flowers that add a lovely spiced scent to your garden. With varieties suitable for USDA hardiness zones 2 to 9, you can find a variety to suit any garden need: wet or dry, sun or shade, natural or formal, shrub or tree, native or exotic. The flowers (including large sterile ones in a few species), colorful autumn foliage, and red or purple-black fruit make several species, American as well as Asian, well known in cultivation. Ovate, toothed, strongly-veined, dark green leaves (to 4” long) have pleated upper surfaces. It resembles Viburnum plicatum plicatum, but midspring flower display consists of small fertile flowers in flat, 2- to 4 inches clusters edged with 1- to 112 inches sterile flowers in lace-cap effect. Burkwood – Reaches 8 to 10 feet (2.5-3 m.) high. You can also expect this bold evergreen species to have long drooping leaves with a rounded and spreading habitat. This truly beautiful viburnum is native to China and Japan. Its canopy is open and casts only dappled shade; it is a good choice for a dry shade location. This species features large and balled flower clusters that are fragrant. Keep reading to learn about some of the common viburnum varieties and what sets them apart. As a thank you for joining our campaign, we’ll gift you our brand new eBook,. It is a deciduous species and will add fall color when the leaves change. The Plants Database includes the following 39 species of Viburnum . While there are several species of viburnum that may use the name "snowball bush," Viburnum opulus is the most commonly referred to one. Planting Viburnum Flowering Shrub. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Viburnums range from deciduous to evergreen, and from 2 foot shrubs to 30 foot trees (0.5-10 m.). Blackhaw – One of the big ones, it can reach 30 feet (10 m.) in height, though it usually stays closer to 15 feet (5 m.). Most viburnums need little pruning, though you can rejuvenate old viburnums if … Flat umbels of creamy white flower appear in late May, followed by almost black fruit. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Most species are dioecious (or at least functionally dioecious, meaning that cross-pollination with another variety or species is needed for pollination to occur) with a few being monoecious. Arrowwood – Reaches 6 to 15 feet (2-5 m.) tall, produces scentless white flowers and attractive dark blue to black fruits. If you have a spot in your garden that receives partial shade, the Southern Arrowwood is a good choice. Maple-leafed viburnum (Viburnum acerifolium): This plant grows in USDA hardiness zones 4 to 8, and achieves a height of 3 to 6 feet with a 4-foot spread. Snowball – similar in appearance to and oftentimes confused with the snowball hydrangea, this viburnum variety is quite common in garden landscapes. Viburnums are well-behaved me… European Snowball Viburnum. Learn about each type with helpful images. The David is one of the smaller evergreen viburnums. The fruit of most species is popular with wildlife. 12 noon, Friday 4 December. A few, like the arrowhead viburnum, are grown for their bright blue berries in the fall. Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, garden writer and educator with 10+ years of experience in the horticulture and gardening space. There are over 150 species of viburnum, as well as countless cultivars.