When shopping for walnut, ask if the wood was steamed as it was dried. Another source of highly figured wood—burls—are common in walnut. I finished the hollow vessel below with shellac. It does, however, sometimes require special treatment. Black walnut trees grow throughout the eastern half of the U.S., although much of the wood commercially harvested comes from the Midwest states of Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri. It also bends and glues well. Basically, anything dark that locks into the open grain of walnut will pop the grain nicely. Ancient Romans loved walnuts, and thought so highly of the meaty fruit that they planted the tree throughout south central Europe and England. The feathery grain grows near a crotch in the tree. It is finished with Waterlox, an oil-based wiping varnish. Walnut is easy to cut, shape and sand, and the wood … North America claims walnuts: white walnut or butternut (Juglans cinerea), favored by carvers, and black walnut (Juglans nigra). Steaming is a commercial process that darkens the creamy white sapwood a bit by transferring some of the pigment from the heartwood. The best finish for walnut is a clear one. When shopping for walnut, ask if the wood … Walnut "One of the most enjoyed American hardwoods for its fine-yet-open grain, unique patterns, and bold dark color. They tend to be late to leaf out in the spring, and one of the first species to drop their leaves in autumn. American Black Walnut grading varies from other North American species. Home What more can you ask for? Then, aniline dyes won't cloud the grain. Use a backing board under the workpiece. Of particular note are the “peace altars” he made from a certain spectacular walnut log. They tend to wander and cause breakout. Reviewed in the United States on March 10, 2020. Black walnut wood is dark, hard, dense and tight-grained. See, for example, the dimpled box featured on page 32. Can't decide what to get the woodworker in your life? In mid-summer, nuts appear. European walnut (Juglans regia) carries the names of countries and regions, such as English walnut, French walnut, and Circassian walnut from the Caucasus Mountains along the Black Sea. While boards as wide as 20" and lengths up to 16' are available, stock 6-8" wide and 8-12' long is far more common. If you do select walnut for a carving project, remember these tips: Walnut turns best at a lathe speed of 800-1,000 rpm, and requires sharp tools. Walnut doesn't burn easily in routing, but shallow passes eliminate tearout. Today it can be readily found not only in the form of rough-sawn and surfaced boards, but also as live edge slabs. And, try this on the planer: Run two short pieces of stock the same thickness as the walnut board through the planer at the same time-one ahead and one behind. For stability in use, always work wood with a maximum moisture content of 8 percent. Black walnut trees commonly reach heights of 100' or more with 3'-diameter trunks, yielding copious amounts of consistent, straight grain—a lumberman's dream. "There is some confusion about the term "claro", since the lumber trade sometimes uses it to describe the wood of ordinary California walnut, which is more like black walnut, rather than the marbled variety cut from orchard trees." If you must use a water-based finish, try to find one with an amber tint added. Black walnut rates as classic cabinet stock not only because of its eye-appeal, but because you get good results with either hand or power tools. Open-grain walnut carves easier. Left alone, a black walnut tree can live for 100-125 years and reach a diameter of 2 to 3 feet. Staining walnut isn't necessary, unless color is uneven. Discover (and save!) It polishes to a very smooth finish, and the color ranges from creamy white in the sapwood to a dark chocolate in the heartwood. For protection, add a compatible clear topcoat. your own Pins on Pinterest If you decide you must have a black walnut floor, save it for areas that don’t see a lot of foot traffic. Black walnut's range covers most of the eastern haff of the U.S. and southern Ontario. Additionally, their roots and the decaying nut husks produce toxins that can stunt the growth of surrounding plant life. Lightness into dark. It is prized for not only its rich, dark brown color, but also its strength, stability, durability, and ease of use. In crosscutting, attach a backing board to the miter fence to act as a chip breaker. WORKING PROPERTIES: Black Walnut can be worked with hand or power tools without difficulty. Also, in my experience, steamed walnut is brittle in comparison to its non-steamed counterpart. As I recall, it was on the light side to begin with, and has lightened even more over time. For Black Walnut, you can expect to pay around $5.25 all the way up … In idyllic conditions, walnut reaches a height of 150' and a 6' diameter. For full details regarding specifications, please see the AHEC website www.ahec-europe.org or contact your local depot.. We offer American Black Walnut in Super Prime Grade, selected to a very high specification and available exclusively via ourselves. As solid stock, it comes in thicknesses from 4/4 to 16/4. Turn on the lathe and sand the remaining wood around the bottom. If you’re paying for S4S Black Walnut lumber cut down to size, then be prepared to fork out above average prices. The two pieces here clearly show the difference age and finish can make with black walnut. This article is from Issue 98 of Woodcraft Magazine. The wood in the graft area is typically highly figured. So wearing a tight-fitting mask or respirator is a good precaution. I’ve since branched out, but it is still among my favorite woods to work. Over the years, natural walnut wood develops a … Closed-grain walnut may be more difficult to carve, but it takes a finer finish. Stiffness is low. In spring, flowing catkins emerge on branch twigs. Why and When? Oct 9, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Nina Enlow. ALL OF THE DEALS, ALL IN ONE PLACE - WOODCRAFT HOLIDAY HQ. It's also offered as plywood, furniture squares, buttons, plugs, turning blocks, and dowels. Black walnut (Juglans nigra) is one of North America’s most popular and sought after hardwoods. Subscribe to the newsletter and get 10% off your next purchase in addition to the latest products, guides and project ideas. Black walnut prices vary widely, but don’t be surprised to find premium stock going for in excess of $10 per board foot. Figured walnut's fiddleback, burl, stump, and crotch-feels coarse-textured. Unfortunately, the process tends to mute the color of the heartwood somewhat. Black walnut’s color can vary a lot from a reddish brown to a rich chocolate brown, so grain matching is easier if you have kindred boards. Its rich dark colors, strength and tight grain pattern puts the wood in a class of its own among American hardwoods. Then, stop the lathe and with a power disc or flap sander, sand the grain down to a slightly lower level than the surrounding wood. I made the lighter turned vessel over three decades ago, and finished it with shellac. Unless you provide an... read more. Black walnut has been prized among woodworkers and wood enthusiasts for decades. Black walnut is available as lumber, veneer, and plywood. As for finishing, the wood readily accepts both water- and oil-based finishes. Also worth noting is that although black walnut flooring is available, it isn’t really hard enough to stand up to heavy use. A walnut (Juglans neotropica) also grows in South Amenca. It is fun to turn, it carves well, and finishes easily. Veneer proves popular in marquetry and as furniture accents. The stained grain filler lodges into the walnut wood pores and only gently colors the wood for a high-contrast effect. (Elmer's new dark glue minimizes this.). The platter shown on the opposite page was a gift from Palmer Sharpless, one of my mentors. I made the trivet just recently and finished it with Danish oil, giving it that rich, dark color I’ve come to love. Despite the popularity of the lumber, the trees are not particularly desirable for landscaping. Figured walnut-especially burls and crotch wood-has irregular, more open grain that you should fill. Black walnut’s shock resistance, combined with its stability and relatively light weight make it an ideal material for the wooden parts of a rifle. This levels the infeed and outfeed rollers for a chipfree cut. Each performs differently. Walnut is a joy to work with. While frontier families gathered walnuts to eat, city craftsmen worked the dark wood into classic pieces. I finished it with boiled linseed oil. It has good steam bending characteristics. Carving hardwoods generally means shallow gouge bevels-15° to 20°-and shallow cuts. The tree's thick, dark brown to brownish-gray bark has marked ridges. Ships’ manifests dating from the early 1600’s list black walnut lumber being exported to England for use in the furniture industry. Walnut polishes to an exceptionally smooth finish often with beautiful figuring grain patters. Jul 27, 2014 - This Pin was discovered by Kathryn Gaines. It's black walnut, though, that woodworkers covet.Black walnut's … Walnut's shock-resistance, strength, and stability, also make it perfect for shotgun and rifle stocks.